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He was offered the Sicilian crown by the inhabitants of Sicily in August 1282 and at the end of that month landed at Trapani to take his kingdom. An Aragonese fleet defeated the Angevin forces in the bay of Naples and captured Charles d'Anjou Principe di Salerno, heir to the Anjou-Capet kingdom.The dispute escalated, and the two rival kingdoms of Sicily continued in existence side by side until the death of the Angevin Queen Jeanne II without direct heirs in 1435.He was defeated in [1017] and sought help from Emperor Heinrich II, who created him duke of Apulia but does not appear to have intervened at that time with practical help.The family of Melus is shown in Chapter 1 of the present document.On his death in 1458, Sicily reverted to the crown of Aragon, while his illegitimate son Ferrante succeeded as king of Naples. The Annales Barenses record that "Longobardia cum Mele" rebelled in 1010, captured "Curcua" (Kourkouas, Byzantine katepan) 9 May, made war "in Betete" where many Barenses were killed, adding that "Ismael" made war against the Greeks "in Monte Peluso" where Pasiano fell.Lupus Protospatarius records that "rebellio" started in May 1009, without mentioning the leaders, adds that the Muslims captured Cosenza in the same year, that "Curcus" died in 1010 and "Basilius catepanus Marsedonici" arrived in Mar 1010.It is assumed that it was some time during his visit to Germany that Emperor Heinrich II created him Duke of Apulia, a title which is attributed to Melus in later German sources (see below) but which he could never have used in Southern Italy as he died while still in Germany.Lupus Protospatarius records that "Mel cum aliquantis Francis" fled "ad Enerichum imperatorem" in 1019, and that "Melis dux Apuli" died in 1020.

The emergence of the kingdom of Sicily as a new power in the 12th century changed the diplomatic balance of the European medieval world.Guillaumes county developed into the county of Apulia [Puglia], which was elevated to the status of a duchy by the Pope in 1059.The Normans, from their base in Apulia, extended their rule and carved out a new country for themselves in the southern Italian mainland.It was seen by the declining empire of Byzantium as a significant threat to its security, and by the Pope as a useful counter-balance to the troublesome kings of Germany.It should be noted that the kingdom is referred to invariably in primary sources, throughout most of its history, as "the kingdom of Sicily" despite most of its territory being in the mainland of southern Italy and its capital being the city of Naples.

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