Such new tools included different types of spear points and knives, with various forms of notches.
They made ground-stone tools such as stone axes, woodworking tools and grinding stones.
In a period of a few years, British colonists arrived from the East and contended against the Canadians for control of the lucrative fur trade.
Fighting between the French and British colonists occurred throughout the 1750s as a result.
An early Woodland period group named the Adena people had elegant burial rituals, featuring log tombs beneath earth mounds.
In the middle portion of the Woodland period, the Hopewell people began developing long-range trade of goods.
Nearing the end of the stage, the people developed highly productive cultivation and adaptation of agriculture, growing such crops as corn and squash. The Mississippian culture emerged, lasting from 1000 until the 15th century, shortly before the arrival of Europeans.
During this stage, the people created large urban settlements designed according to their cosmology, with large mounds and plazas defining ceremonial and public spaces.
In 1717, another Canadian, Picote de Beletre, built Fort Ouiatenon on the Wabash River, to try to control Native American trade routes from Lake Erie to the Mississippi River.
During the latter part of the period, they built earthwork mounds and middens, which showed that settlements were becoming more permanent.
The Archaic period ended at about 1500 BC, although some Archaic people lived until 700 BC.
In 1732 Sieur de Vincennes built a second fur trading post at Vincennes.
French Canadian settlers, who had left the earlier post because of hostilities, returned in larger numbers.